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A forest, also often known as the woods or bush, is an ecosystem characterised by large numbers of tall plants. Forests are vitally important for a massive amount of life and are some of the most diverse ecosystems on Earth.


Mosses are non-vascular plants that are found in many of the world's moist environments. The 14,000+ species of moss have provided a number of important products and services to humans for centuries.


In order to distinguish between the living and non-living a set of required characteristics have been established. MRS C GREN is an acronym for the characteristics an object must have to be considered living.

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Rocky shore ecosystem
 Rocky shore ecosystems

Rocky shore ecosystems are governed by the tidal movement of water and have diverse communities from the high tide to below the low tide line. The ecosystems of the rocky shore have a characteristic banding of different species which are influenced by the biotic and abiotic factors from above high tide to the sub-tidal zone.

 Roots: A life underground

When plants evolved from marine species and made their way onto land they had to overcome many challenges to survive and thrive on land. The evolution of an underground root system has enable plants to collect water and nutrients and helped to make it possible for land based plants to diversify into the 1000s of species currently present on Earth.

 Mammalian skeleton

The mammalian skeleton can be separated into the axial and appendicular skeletons. The axial skeleton consists of the skull, spinal column and rib cage and the appendicular includes the bones of the arms, legs, hands, feet, pelvis and shoulder.


Succulent coastal plant Sunrise at Matata beach Buttercup pollination

Blue Mushroom | Photo of the Month